The University Athletic Association sponsors competition in 23 sports including 12 sports for men and 11 sports for women. The UAA Bylaws require member institutions to participate in at least one round-robin sport each for men and women, and three festival sports each for men and women. This has allowed members of the UAA to maintain many of their long-standing and highly-valued local and regional rivalries while enjoying the benefits of competition among members of the Association. Most members participate in UAA competition in the full complement of sports for which they sponsor teams.
Regular-season round-robin competition is sponsored in seven sports including baseball, softball, football, men's and women's soccer, and men's and women's basketball. The men's and women's basketball teams of the UAA have been granted an automatic qualification berth in their respective NCAA Division III national championships. Men's and women's teams travel together and play a combined schedule in both soccer and basketball.
Competition in volleyball includes two mid-season round-robin weekends and an end-of-season championship tournament. The men's and women's tennis championships are held in Florida in late April.
Championship tournaments or meets are conducted in 10 sports including men's and women's cross country, men's and women's swimming and diving, men's and women's indoor track and field, men's and women's outdoor track and field, and men's and women's golf. Men's and women's championships are held simultaneously alternating men's and women's events at the same site.
Association team champions are determined in all sports. All-Association teams are also selected in all sports, and most sports also determine a player of the year or most outstanding performer and a rookie of the year. The Association also selects UAA male and female Athletes of the Week in all sports.